Toner Cartridges: How Do Toner Cartridges Work?
Many modern printers rely heavily on toner cartridges – tiny boxes of different shapes and sizes full of material for producing printouts.
While people sometimes use the terms "toner cartridge" and "ink cartridge" interchangeably, they actually refer to different things. The ink cartridge is a package that slots into a printer and contains ink, while the toner cartridge is a container that holds a specific type of colored powder.
What Is a Toner Cartridge?
A toner cartridge, also known as laser toner, is a replaceable part of a laser printer. Toner cartridges contain toner powder, a fine, dry blend of plastic particles, carbon, and black or other coloring agents that produce the actual image on the paper. The toner is transferred to paper by means of an electrostatically charged drum unit. During the printing process, heated rollers are applied to the paper. You can find good-quality toner cartridges for sale from the best online printer toner cartridges suppliers.
Components of Toner Cartridges
There are two key components of a toner cartridge: one is a toner hopper and the other is a waste bin.
Magnetic Developer Roller – This is a cylindrical sleeve for transferring image-forming toner particles. The hollow cylinder is made of non-magnetic material with a rough outer surface. Inside, a magnet creates a magnetic field to trap toner particles on the rough surface.
Doctor Blade – The doctor blade is a precision leveling knife used to smooth the toner on the magnetic developer roller into one layer. This is an important component, as blade damage or misalignment can seriously affect image quality.
Sealing Blade - The sealing blade removes excess toner particles from the magnetic developer roller. The blade's outer surface rotates back into the toner feeder container and keeps toner particles from dropping out of the toner supply hopper and onto the paper.
Organic Photoconductor (OPC) Drum – This is a cylinder coated with a material whose electrical properties alter when it’s exposed to light. The drum is charged, and the laser in the printer changes the electrical charge in certain areas of the drum region. Those areas pick up the toner and place it on the page.
Primary Charge Roller (PCR) – This is a rubber roller inside a toner cartridge that places an electrical charge on an organic photoconductor drum. The residual charge is cleared after the printing cycle is finished.
Organic Photoconductor Removal Blade – The removal blade scrapes waste toner off the organic photoconductor drum and into the cartridge’s waste bin.
How Does Toner Work?
There are two components to the toner: pigment and plastic. Both play an important role in the printing process.
Pigments provide color, while the plastic enables the pigments to stick to the paper as it heats up and melts.
The fusion process gives laser toner an advantage over ink because it adheres firmly to the fiber of the paper and resists smudging.
It also offers bright tones that make text appear sharp on paper.
Another advantage of toner is its price. Offices usually choose laser printers because it costs less to replace toner cartridges than ink cartridges, although laser printers are usually slightly more expensive than inkjets.
You can find high-quality toner cartridges for sale from the best online marketplace for sellers.
Printing Process with a Toner Cartridge
The printing process can be broken down into six steps.
1) Charging: A corona wire is used to apply a strong negative charge to the surface of the toner cartridge drum.
2) Detection: At this stage, the laser will scan the drum from end to end and switch on or off, depending on the signal sent from the computer. The charge received by the drum is significantly reduced in all the areas that are touched by the laser beam.
3) Expansion: Toner is transferred to the various parts of the drum that are negatively charged. It is also attracted by the magnets in the coils and is held by an electrostatic charge.
4) Transmission: The rollers receive signals from the motherboard to call the paper, and transfers text and images onto the paper. The paper is negatively charged.
5) Melting: Now that the toner is stuck to the paper, it’s time to fix it permanently. The fuser unit heats the pair of rollers that bond the toner to the printing paper. This process goes fast so that the paper won’t burn.
6) Cleaning: This is the final stage, and involves shining bright light onto the surface of the photoreceptors to erase the electrical image. The drum is then ready for the next print job.
How Do You Replace a Toner Cartridge?
Toner cartridges will inevitably run out of powder and have to be replaced. How you change out a toner cartridge depends on the type of printer you are using, but there are certain general rules for all printers that use toner cartridges.
Switch on the power to the printer using the power button. Open the access panel to get to the toner cartridges. You can lift off the access panel or pull on it to remove it.
If the panel cannot be removed, refer to the user manual for additional instructions. Some printer models use release controls.
Next, detach the toner cartridge. Find the fresh cartridge and remove it from the packaging. Often, the powder is dispersed unevenly in the printer drum, so you should rotate the drum several times to ensure even coverage.
Check the bottom of your toner cartridge. If you see a plastic strip covering the drum, carefully remove it. Avoid touching the drum itself. Touching the drum could reduce the quality of the printouts.
Place the new cartridge in the printer and close the cover. You should now be able to continue using your printer to produce high-quality prints.
If your work requires large print jobs, one of the best options is to use a laser printer because they're fast, offer better print quality, and yield a high number of pages. It’s also important to understand how toner cartridges work. Remember that in order to enjoy high-quality prints from toner cartridges, it’s important to choose the best model from printer toner cartridge suppliers.